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Corina Curry, Rockford Register Star
From the skyscrapers of Chicago to the open plains of the Prairie State, Illinois is acclaimed for its affluent assortment and Midwestern values.
So it should appear as no surprise that the state’s best affecting and inspiring women represent that aforementioned diversity, cultural affluence and spirit of America’s heartland.
As the country commemorates the 100th ceremony of the 19th Amendment, which accepted women the acknowledged appropriate to vote, the USA TODAY Arrangement is anecdotic 10 women from anniversary of the 50 states, plus the District of Columbia, as Women of the Century.
The rules were simple: They had to accept lived in the accomplished 100 years and apparent outstanding accomplishment in the areas of arts and literature, business, civilian rights, education, entertainment, law, media, nonprofits and philanthropy, politics, science and medicine, or sports.
In Illinois, this was no baby task. Illinois’ women are authors, politicians, megastars and starchitects. They are trailblazers, activists and leaders.
The woman earning the best nominations was Chicago’s actual own aboriginal lady, Michelle Obama.
And while Illinois would affirmation a additional aboriginal adult for its top 10, Hillary Rodham Clinton — who was built-in and aloft in the Chicago suburbs — is listed instead in Arkansas, area she served as that state’s aboriginal adult for about 10 years afore demography on the borough role.
Likewise, a woman who was built-in and aloft in added genitalia of the country – such as Mississippi, Tennessee and Wisconsin – became so acclaimed filming a allocution appearance in Chicago that she would become a domiciliary name.
That would be none added than Oprah Winfrey.
But with a absolute of alone 10 women per state, abounding notable, acclaimed and admirable women did not accomplish the list.
They run the area from Mary G. Harris Jones, additionally accepted as abutment organizer “Mother Jones;” Violette Neatley Anderson, the aboriginal Black woman to convenance law afore the U.S. Supreme Court; and Marca Bristo, a constant baton in the affliction rights movement who helped abode the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Those listed beneath absolutely represent the abundant women of Illinois. They are women of purpose, influence, backbone and change.
First American woman to win the Nobel Accord Prize
Jane Addams Photo: AP, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
Born in the small agriculture boondocks of Cedarville, two hours west of Chicago, Jane Addams accelerating at the top of her chic at Rockford Changeable Seminary, now Rockford University, and in 1931 became the aboriginal American woman to win the Nobel Accord Prize.
In 1889, she and her acceptable acquaintance Ellen Gates Starr visited Toynbee Hall, a adjustment abode in London that served poor automated workers. That cruise aggressive the brace to accessible Hull Abode in Chicago, area Addams, Starr and added accelerating women lived and formed to advice serve the adjacency and its residents, accouterment aggregate from adolescent affliction to job training to art classes.
As Hull Abode grew, confined as abounding as 2,000 bodies a week, so did Addams’ captivation in borough life. She served on the Chicago Lath of Education, helped begin the Chicago Academy of Civics and Philanthropy and was called the aboriginal changeable admiral of the Borough Conference of Charities and Corrections.
Addams was alive in the women’s capitalism movement and was a acclaimed pacifist. She gave lectures on accord and eventually rose to armchair the Women’s Accord Party and serve as admiral of the Women’s International League for Accord and Freedom.
Feminist leader, co-founder of the Borough Organization for Women
Betty Friedan Photo: Anthony Camerano, AP, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
Born in Peoria, Betty Friedan graduated summa cum laude from Smith College in 1942. She larboard the alum affairs at University of California Berkeley to accompany a career as a announcer in New York City. It was actuality that Friedan became complex in action and women’s issues.
Friedan affiliated in 1947 and had three children. The ancestors confused to the suburbs in 1956 area Friedan became a housewife and freelance biographer for women’s magazines. She additionally began her analysis for what would become “The Feminine Mystique,” broadly accustomed as the book that launched the feminist movement. Appear in 1963, “The Feminine Mystique” was an burning best-seller, and is accounted by historians as one of the 100 best important books anytime written.
Friedan was one of the aboriginal leaders of the women’s rights movement and a co-founder of the Borough Organization for Women, Borough Women’s Political Caucus and the Borough Abortion Rights Action League.
As she helped begin NOW, she wrote the organization’s mission statement: “… to accompany women into abounding accord in the boilerplate of American association now, appliance all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in absolutely according affiliation with men.”
Oprah Winfrey Photo: Jefferson Graham, USA TODAY, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
Oprah Winfrey is one of the best famous, influential and wealthiest women in the world.
She is a billionaire media executive. She runs her own TV network, annual and assembly company. She was host of the highest-rated allocution appearance in TV history. She is an Academy Award-nominated extra and philanthropist, and in 2007, she opened a academy for underprivileged girls in South Africa.
Winfrey was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, a rural agriculture town, and aloft in burghal Milwaukee. She was still a jailbait active in Tennessee with her ancestor back her radio and TV career began. She was a account ballast in Nashville and Baltimore afore demography a job as a morning allocution appearance host in Chicago.
She was host of “The Oprah Winfrey Show” in Chicago from 1985 to 2011. The appearance won 16 Daytime Emmy Awards for outstanding allocution appearance host and outstanding allocution show.
She was inducted into the Borough Women’s Hall of Fame in 1994, awarded the Presidential Badge of Freedom in 2013 and was presented with the Golden Globes’ Cecil B. DeMille Award in 2018.
Former aboriginal lady
Michelle Obama Photo: Angela Peterson, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama was built-in and aloft on Chicago’s south side.
She abounding Whitney Adolescent Aerial Academy – a allurement academy for able accouchement –Princeton University and Harvard Law School.
In 1988, she abutting Chicago law close Sidley & Austin, area she would accommodated her husband, Barack Obama.
The brace affiliated in 1992 and accept two children, Malia, built-in in 1998, and Sasha, built-in in 2001.
As her bedmate accomplished law academy and served as a accompaniment agent and again a U.S. senator, Michelle Obama formed for the burghal of Chicago, the non-profit Public Allies, the University of Chicago and University of Chicago Hospitals.
As aboriginal adult from 2009 to 2017, Obama served as a role archetypal for women and formed as an apostle for education, concrete action and advantageous eating.
Her memoir, “Becoming,” was appear in November 2018, and by March 2019 had awash added than 10 actor copies.
In 2020, “American Factory,” the aboriginal blur by Barack and Michelle Obama’s Higher Ground assembly company, won an Oscar for best documentary.
Journalist, civilian rights activist
Ida B. Wells Photo: Library of Congress, Illustration: Veronica Bravo, USA TODAY
Ida B. Wells was an educator, analytic anchorman and baton in the civilian rights movement.
Wells was built-in into slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi.
At 16, she absent her parents and a brother to chicken agitation in 1878. As the oldest survivor amid her siblings, Wells took a teaching job in Memphis to accommodate for the ancestors and accession her brothers and sisters.
In the backward 19th and aboriginal 20th centuries, Wells became an abrupt apostle adjoin violence, racism and sexism. She helped begin the Borough Association of Colored Women’s Club. She additionally formed as a journalist, autograph accessories to accession acquaintance of lynchings and added abandon adjoin Black men.
In 1892, she had to move to Chicago after an affronted mob austere her bi-weekly building. In Illinois, she connected her anti-lynching assignment and additionally began alive with borough civilian rights leaders and the woman’s capitalism movement.
She was inducted into the Borough Women’s Hall of Fame in 1988. In 2018, the Chicago Burghal Council clearly renamed Congress Parkway to Ida B. Wells Drive. It is the aboriginal burghal Chicago artery called for a woman of color.
Gwendolyn Brooks Photo: AP, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
“We Real Cool” by artisan Gwendolyn Brooks is alone 24 words long, but in those 24 words, Brooks is able to back assorted capacity of the Black burghal experience, of active apostasy and of masculinity.
Brooks is one of the best awful admired poets of the 20th century, confined as artisan laureate of Illinois from 1968 until her afterlife from blight in 2000.
Brooks was built-in in Topeka, Kansas, and confused to Chicago back she was aloof 6 weeks old. She articular acerb as a Chicagoan and acclimated the burghal as the ambience for best of her writings.
Her assignment generally focused on the claimed celebrations and struggles of accustomed bodies that she had interactions with and empiric every day.
Brooks won the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for balladry for “Annie Allen,” a accumulating of balladry that acquaint the adventure of a adolescent Black babe and her adventure to adulthood. She was the aboriginal Black being to win the Pulitzer Prize for poetry.
In 1976, Brooks was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1985, she was called artisan laureate adviser in balladry to the Library of Congress.
Sandra Cisneros Photo: Eric Gay, AP, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
In the acknowledged advancing of age atypical “The Abode on Mango Street,” columnist Sandra Cisneros writes of Esperanza, a adolescent Mexican babe growing up in a poor adjacency in Chicago.
The book was aboriginal appear in 1984. It has back awash added than 6 actor copies, been translated into added than 20 languages and is appropriate account in schools beyond the country.
The adventure addresses racism, feminism and the duality of Esperanza’s home, a abode of abundant adorableness and biased realities.
Like the appearance Esperanza, Cisneros was built-in in Chicago. She abounding Loyola University and the University of Iowa.
She is a acclaimed poet, biographer and artist, and has been heralded as a baton of the Chicana arcane movement. Added titles accommodate a book of balladry appear in 1987, “My Wicked Ways”; “Woman Hollering Creek and Added Stories,” appear in 1991; the 1994 children’s book “Hairs/Pelitos;” and the 2002 novel “Caramelo.”
In 1995, Cisneros founded the Macondo Writers Workshop to affect and claiming adolescent writers. Like abounding of the women on this list, Cisneros has accustomed abundant honors, including the Borough Badge of the Arts, presented to her by Admiral Barack Obama in 2016.
Olympic gold medalist
Jackie Joyner Kersee Photo: H. Darr Beiser, USA TODAY, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
Three-time Olympic advocate Jackie Joyner-Kersee was built-in in East St. Louis, which is area she set the aboriginal of abounding annal in her clue and acreage career, including the Illinois aerial academy continued jump almanac for women during her inferior year.
Joyner-Kersee was the aboriginal American women to win an Olympic badge in the continued jump. She was the aboriginal to acquire added than 7,000 credibility in the heptathlon.
In accession to her three gold medals, Joyner-Kersee won one argent and two brownish medals over the advance of four Olympics.
Joyner-Kersee additionally won four gold medals at the Apple Championships, eight borough heptathlon championships and nine borough continued jump titles.
In 2000, Joyner-Kersee opened the Joyner-Kersee Youth Center Foundation in her hometown of East St. Louis to serve underprivileged children.
In 2007, she helped authorize Athletes for Hope with added big-name athletes such as Muhammad Ali, Jeff Gordon, Mia Hamm and Tony Hawk. The organization’s mission is to accompany athletes calm to accomplish a aberration in the world.
Joyner-Kersee abutting the lath of USA Clue & Acreage in 2012.
She still holds the Apple Heptathlon Almanac she set over 20 years ago at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, South Korea.
U.S. senator, Iraq War veteran
Tammy Duckworth Photo: Robert Deutsch, USA TODAY Network, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
Tammy Duckworth is a Purple Heart recipient; the aboriginal Thai-American U.S. congresswoman; and the mother of two girls, Abigail and Maile.
Duckworth, a Blackhawk helicopter pilot for the Illinois Army Borough Guard, was amid the aboriginal women in the U.S. Army to fly action missions during Operation Iraqi Freedom. It was during this time, on Nov. 12, 2004, that Duckworth absent her legs and fractional use of one arm back her helicopter was addled by a grenade.
In 2009, she was appointed an abettor secretary of Adept Affairs. She formed with the U.S. Department of Housing and Burghal Development to advice end adept homelessness and abode changes faced by women and Built-in American veterans.
She was adopted to the U.S. Senate in 2016 afterwards apery Illinois’s 8th Congressional District in the U.S. Abode of Representatives for two terms.
Duckworth had a multicultural accomplishments that spanned several countries, from Thailand and Indonesia to Singapore, Cambodia and the United States.
She abounding the University of Hawaii for her undergraduate studies and becoming a master’s amount from George Washington University in Washington. Duckworth relocated to Illinois to accompany a Ph.D. in political science at Northern Illinois University.
Jeanne Gang Photo: Richard Drew, AP, Illustration: USA TODAY Network
When you airing through O’Hare’s $2.2 billion all-around terminal in 2028, you will be able to insolate in the architectonics ability of Jeanne Gang, architect and baton of Studio Gang, a Chicago architectonics firm.
And if you appetite to see added of what this starchitect can do, it’s alone a abbreviate cruise to Chicago’s acclaimed 82-story Aqua Tower, advised by Gang and opened in 2009, or the Vista Tower, a 101-story architectonics that Gang is still alive on.
When completed, Vista will be the city’s third-tallest building, and the tallest architectonics in the apple advised by a woman.
Gang is a built-in of Belvidere. She becoming a bachelor’s amount in architectonics from the University of Illinois and a master’s amount in architectonics from the Harvard Alum Academy of Design.
Gang was called the 2016 Architect of the Year by Architectural Review. In 2019, Time annual called her one of its 100 best affecting bodies in the world.
Recognized as one of the best arresting architects of her generation, Gang is accepted for an interdisciplinary architectonics process, which elevates and puts at the beginning relationships amid people, communities and environments.
Sources acclimated in the Women of the Aeon account activity include newspaper articles, accompaniment archives, actual websites, encyclopedias and added resources.
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