Architecture 2 Rating Most Effective Ways To Overcome Architecture 2 Rating’s Problem
Recently, the Civic Accumulation appear the admission of a action for the alteration of the 1999 Constitution.
The Senate Ad Hoc Committee on the Review of the 1999 Constitution, headed by Deputy Senate President, Ovie Omo-Agege, by a Notice, alleged for affairs from the accepted public, controlling and administrative bodies, civilian association organisations, able bodies, and added absorption groups for added alterations of the 1999 Architecture (as amended) on a countless of affairs including gender equality, federal structure, and ability devolution, bounded government autonomy, accessible acquirement and acquirement allocation, Nigerian Police and added Nigerian aegis architecture, absolute administrative reforms, balloter reforms to strengthen INEC, socio-economic and cultural rights, deepening the ability of blank institutions, abode and indigene provisions, immunity, the Civic Assembly, accompaniment creation, amid others.
While it is absolutely accurate that no set of rules, including the Architecture of a nation, is categorical in bean and butterfingers of amendments to accommodate to present realities, the abnormality of the 1999 Architecture is inherent in the actuality that it is not a artefact of the will of the Nigerian people; but rather, foisted by the aggressive government as a flagship rulebook for Nigeria’s adventure into autonomous governance.
The acerb implication, therefore, is that no admeasurement of amendment, about good-intentioned, can appoint or advise the angary and massive acceptability which the 1999 Architecture lacks and which any accurate architecture connotes. As it is, the 1999 Architecture is not people-centric and, therefore, does not reflect the ethno-cultural and socio-political diversities alloyed into the bolt of Nigeria’s existence.
None of the antecedent amendments to the 1999 Architecture accept conferred any advanced accepting to the Architecture nor accustomed the basic units in Nigeria the achievement they expect. In the ablaze of the contempo advertisement for a beginning amendment, abounding stakeholders, including the Northern Elders Forum, NEF, accept decried this proposal. The Forum reportedly acclaimed that:
“Nothing axiological or of any amount has appear out of these admirable schemes to accomplishment our aggregate admiration to abode our political and bread-and-butter fundamentals. This Civic Accumulation is additionally afterward suit, and it should not be encouraged on this path… Nigeria’s approaching rests abundantly on its alertness to abode above constraints to disinterestedness and justice, a anatomic structure, constant acceptable governance, aegis for all citizens, a aboveboard balloter process, growing compassionate amid and amid all groups and an abridgement that grows and anchorage inequalities amid classes and regions.”
In agnate terms, the Eastern Consultative Assembly, ECA, discountenanced the Civic Assembly’s proposed amendment, advising a basic accumulation that would appearance a people-oriented constitution. The ECA reportedly acclaimed that: “The Architecture alteration activity boarded aloft by the Civic Assembly, abreast from confined as a aqueduct aqueduct to carry amiss civic resources, will not, in all sincerity, serve any advantageous purpose whatsoever.
The unitary 1999 Architecture care to be abandoned and replaced with a people’s constitution. The aplomb of the bodies needs to be adequate in our Constitution, abandoned back the bodies feel allotment of the authoritative of the constitution. The aggressive crafted, superintended and supervised the 1999 unitary certificate that has accurate amiss and adulterated through practice.”
The acumen why no alteration of the 1999 Architecture will cure its inherent defects is simple: The Architecture itself is not advised to be able of above reforms. For instance, there accept been proposals from abounding abode for Nigeria to accomplish a unicameral legislature, instead of expending amazing civic assets in operating a bi-cameral legislature.
As accurately argued, this will abate alternate amount in bread-and-butter allocations and arouse advantageous use of these accessible funds to added affairs of civic importance. Under the accepted structure, any angle or Bill from any quarters, be it from any clandestine or accessible institution, or alike by a accommodating affiliate of the legislature, to ameliorate the Nigerian assembly will never see the ablaze of day.
By the actual accoutrement of the 1999 Architecture (as amended), accurately Section 9(2), any alteration in the Architecture charge be ratified by the votes of not beneath than two-thirds majority of all the associates of anniversary House of the Civic Accumulation i.e. the Senate and the House of Representatives. Afterwards it is anesthetized by the requisite majority of the Houses, it charge again be accustomed by resolution of the House of Accumulation of not beneath than two-third of all the States in Nigeria. At present, there are 36 States in Nigeria, therefore, the proposed amendments charge be anesthetized by resolutions of the House of Accumulation in at atomic 24 states.
After this annoying process, the proposed alterations charge again be forwarded to the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria for acceptance and if refused, it is again alternate to the Civic Assembly, and the Civic Accumulation is empowered by the Architecture to alter the veto of the President.
Therefore, in ablaze of these built-in provisions, any groundbreaking ameliorate in the 1999 Constitution, decidedly those which are able of attached the admiral and/or money-siphoning accommodation of adopted assembly or political appointees, will be met with annealed action – and expectedly so. The accepted structural adjustment on which Nigeria is congenital and administered accept both political and bread-and-butter deformities. Politically, Nigeria’s federal arrangement is added unitary than federal; it is asymmetric and unsustainable.
Power is over-concentrated at the centre at the amount of the added two levels of government (state and bounded government). Second, the 1999 architecture aloft which the country is anon active is basically a military, unitary and amiss architecture that does not accept abundant address to the will or ambition of the people.
Third, there is additionally the abridgement of amusing amends or the aphorism of law; while the altercate for ability is not motivated by service, rather by self-accumulation of abundance and acquisitiveness by the elites. In bread-and-butter terms, assembly is what drives accepted capitalism. In the case of Nigeria, politics, corruption, political advocacy and bootless burning are the active armament of our bread-and-butter system.
As arbitrarily acclaimed by Nsongurua Udombana, LL.D, “the 1999 Architecture has the banner of absolutism accounting all over it, with no application to the 18-carat desires of the Nigerian people. There was not alike the amenity of a Basic Assembly, let abandoned a referendum, thereby authoritative the “We the people” in the conference a lie and fraud. It is an adulterine certificate and will abide so admitting the cardinal of amendments, admitting it may accomplish for a acceptable POL 101 Course on ‘The Authoritative of an Undemocratic Constitution”
Clearly, the 1999 Architecture has never been the acknowledgment to Nigeria’s socio-political and ethnocultural realities. In fact, the Ability and Republican Constitutions of 1960 and 1963, respectively, best ill-fitted the ethics of the Nigerian bodies in the face of the British alliance of convenience.
Knowing that Nigeria contains added than 250 indigenous nationalities with altered cultures, languages, religions and customs, Nigeria’s founding fathers, afterwards sitting calm in Lancaster House in London for about 10 years, ancient out a architecture that affiliated the altered indigenous nationalities
This was one of the capital affidavit why both the 1960 Independent Architecture and 1963 Republican Architecture formed able-bodied afore the aggressive fabricated a bull aggression in babyminding afterward the aggressive accomplishment of January 15, 1966.
Nevertheless, there is a charge for burning restructuring through the belvedere of a Sovereign Civic Conference advanced of the 2023 accepted elections. This will actualize an access to finer altercate and boldness ascendant issues of ability distribution, insecurity, able political representation, amid added advancing matters. It is additionally ascendant that the Conference considers the disability of the 1999 Architecture in acclamation the ethnocultural and socio-political diversities in Nigeria.
No doubt, the abandoned Architecture that will abide is the one that is absolutely alive of the absolute will of the people. There is a charge to revisit the structural foundation aloft which Nigeria’s political future, ethnocultural unity, and bread-and-butter sustenance are premised. Nigerians charge accept a articulation in the Architecture which governs them, otherwise, the ability to abatement into added anarchy is added within-reach than ever.
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