Word Form Use Five Things That You Never Expect On Word Form Use
I don’t get “got.” It’s a awe-inspiring little word. Very weird. It has some odd backdrop and added than its fair allotment of controversies.
“I’ve got a lot of friends” is a acceptable example. It’s a beneath way to say, “I accept got a lot of friends,” which is a best way to say, “I accept a lot of friends.” Weird. You could altercate that “got” is accidental here. Or you could altercate that it brings article altered to the table, acceleration bottomward on the abstraction of accepting friends. It adds oomph. You would be appropriate either way.
But dig into the grammar and things get alike weirder. The “have” in “I accept got,” or its apprenticed anatomy “’ve,” turns basal grammar on its head.
Normally, we use “have” additional a participle like “eaten” or “known” to put contest in the past. “No banquet for me, thanks. I’ve eaten.” “I accept accepted him for years.”
But “I accept got a lot of friends” does not put the accident in the past. The “have,” whether apprenticed or not, isn’t alive as an abetting verb the way it is in “I accept eaten” to advance accomplished action. Instead, “I’ve got a lot of friends” is absolutely in the present, aloof like “I accept a lot of friends.”
This activating is so abnormal that it gets appropriate acknowledgment in Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, which addendum that sometimes back “got” agency “have,” it’s present close alike admitting it’s not structured like present tense. In added words, “got” gets its own grammar rules.
There’s additionally the affair of “got” vs. “gotten.” Which should you use: “I accept gotten acclimated to alive up early” or “I accept got acclimated to alive up early”? The acknowledgment apparently won’t abruptness you: Both are correct. “Got” and “gotten” are both accomplished participles of “get.” Booty your pick. But if you anticipate “I accept got” sounds added British than “I accept gotten,” you’re not alone. A cardinal of accent experts accept argued that the beneath “got” is added accepted in the U.K. than it is in the U.S.
Remember that verbs accept a present-tense form, a past-tense anatomy and a accomplished participle, which is the one that works with “have.” Alone the accomplished participle offers you a best of “got” or “gotten.” In the simple accomplished tense, “got” is your alone option: Kelly got affiliated yesterday, not Kelly gotten affiliated yesterday.
Another awe-inspiring use for “got” is illustrated in “You’ve got to try the ribeye.” Here, it agency “must,” but alone because it’s teamed up with “to.” So “got to” agency “have to,” which agency “must.” Weird.
“Got” can additionally angle in for “be” to actualize acquiescent voice. Acquiescent articulation takes an alive book like “The bang-up accursed Joe” and flips it about like this: “Joe was accursed by the boss.” Often acquiescent anatomy drops the abettor of the activity altogether and aloof leaves you with a book like “Joe was fired.”
Normally, to actualize the acquiescent articulation you use a anatomy of the verb “be” accumulated with a acquiescent participle like “fired.” Joe was fired. It’s a simple blueprint that absolutely has aloof one exception: Sometimes “got” can booty the abode of “be.” Joe was fired. Joe got fired. So this is addition role of “got”: an abetting verb in some acquiescent articulation constructions.
Weirdest yet, for all the agitation it causes, “got” isn’t a full-fledged chat aces of its own concordance entry. To apprentice about its abounding uses and quirks, you accept to attending up the abject anatomy of the verb — present close “get.” Alone beneath the concordance access for “get” can you analyze through the verb’s two dozen altered definitions additional addition two dozen phrasal verb forms including “get by,” “get it” and “get abroad with” and get a abounding account of aloof how awe-inspiring “got” is.
— June Casagrande is the columnist of “The Joy of Syntax: A Simple Guide to All the Grammar You Know You Should Know.” She can be accomplished at [email protected]
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Word Form Use Five Things That You Never Expect On Word Form Use – word form use
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