Architecture Hindi Meaning 2 Lessons That Will Teach You All You Need To Know About Architecture Hindi Meaning
Home > States of India > Punjab
Capital : Chandigarh
Languages : Punjabi, Hindi
Geography of PunjabPunjab extends from the latitudes 29.30 Arctic to 32.32 Arctic and longitudes 73.55 East to 76.50 East. It is belted on the west by Pakistan, on the arctic by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northeast by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan. Due to the attendance of a ample cardinal of rivers, best of the Punjab is a abounding plain. The southeast arena of the accompaniment is semi-arid and gradually presents a arid landscape. A belt of bouncing hills extends forth the northeastern allotment of the accompaniment at the bottom of the Himalayas.
Brief History of PunjabPunjab is said to accept acquired its name from the bristles rivers that breeze through this arena – Indus, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi and Ghaggar. It was a arena that formed genitalia of the Indus Valley civilization. The Aryans acclimatized in this arena in about 1500 B.C. It was in about 900 B.C. that the action of Kurukshetra mentioned in the Epic Mahabharata was believed to accept taken abode in Kurukshetra. During this aeon the arena formed baby principalities disqualified by chieftains. In 326 B.C. Alexander the Abundant of Macedonia invaded Punjab. Afterwards this was the aphorism of Chandragupta Maurya that lasted till about 1st aeon A.D. By 318 A.D. the Gupta absolutism acclimatized their influence. The Huns followed them in about 500 A.D. By 1000 A.D., the Muslims invaded Punjab led by Mahmud of Ghazni. In 1030 A.D., the Rajputs acquired ascendancy of this territory. During the Sultanate aeon and Mughal rule, Punjab was affianced in alternate warfare. In about 1192 A.D. the Ghoris defeated the Chauhans and disqualified until the enactment of the Mughal rule. Authority Gobind Singh (1661-1708 AD) created the Khalsa, an army of saint-warriors who rose up adjoin the atrocity perpetrated by the Mugals. The Sikhs agitated on their attempt and afterwards the abatement of Banda Bahadur, they accustomed themselves as absolute rulers of the greater allotment of the Punjab. From the misals acquired the government of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1778-1839). He was the aboriginal absolute built-in Indian adjudicator afterwards the centuries of slavery. His reign, admitting not long, is cogent because of its abstraction of dharma entwined with the convenance of secularism. In the early, 19th aeon the British accustomed their influence. Afterwards ability this arena witnessed accumulation clearing and administration of property. In 1947 back India was partitioned, the beyond bisected of Punjab went to Pakistan.
Districts of PunjabPunjab has 17 districts: Amritsar, Bathinda, Faridkot, Fatehgarh Sahib, Firozepur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Mansa, Moga, Muktsar, Nawan Shehar, Patiala, Roop Nagar and Sangru
The accompaniment has cardinal of small, average and all-embracing automated units. Above Industries in the accompaniment accommodate metals, accomplishment textiles, hosiery, yarn, sports goods, duke tools, bicycles, and ablaze engineering goods. The areas of automated advance accommodate agro-industry, electronics, dairy industry, biologic Industry and white appurtenances industry. Agronomics is the mainstay of Punjab’s economy. The accompaniment contributes 80 percent of aureate and 43 percent of rice to the civic exchequer. The added above acumen for the abundance of the accompaniment are the abundant cardinal of bodies who larboard their home for the countries in Europe and Arctic America and, afterwards continued struggles, accomplished successes there.
Punjab Travel InformationThe best important day-tripper centermost in the accompaniment is Amritsar with its Golden Temple. This temple is advised to be the holiest of all the pilgrimages of Sikhism and houses Akal Takht, the absolute administering anatomy of Sikhism. The Jalianwallah Bagh is a baby esplanade in the burghal area the British badge massacred abounding pilgrims in the year 1919. Wagah is the alone attainable acreage point amid India and Pakistan. The Changing of Guards and the august blurred of the flags commemoration at dark are abundant day-tripper attractions and accept their own allegorical importance.
Ludhiana is acclaimed for its hosiery and woolen appurtenances and articles from Ludhiana are exported all over the world. For its assembly of hosiery, Ludhiana is additionally accepted as the Manchester of India. It additionally boasts of the apple acclaimed Punjab Agronomical University, which organizes the Kisan Mela every Year. Nearby is Killa Raipur, which is acclaimed for its Rural Olympics. Patiala is acclaimed for its advantageous food, admiring people, admirable parandaas, agitative Patiala peg and jootis. Easily attainable and able-bodied maintained, Patiala is a abode that would accord one the much-needed ataraxia far from burghal chaos. The Sports School and the Moti Bagh Palace are some of the places that one charge appointment to get a bright account of the accomplished of the state. Chandigarh is the basic of both Punjab and Haryana. The burghal is advised to be a Mecca of avant-garde architectonics and planning all over the world. What makes Chandigarh amazing is the actuality that aural four decades, a arid mural has been adapted into a avant-garde and archetypal animal habitation. Jalandhar is an age-old burghal but not abundant of its affirmation is larboard now. Today, it is a above abuse and alley alliance and an army cantonment.
Rivers of PunjabThe chat “Punjab” is a aggregate of the Persian words ‘Punj’ Five, and ‘Aab’ Water, giving the accurate acceptation of the Acreage of the Bristles Rivers. The bristles rivers afterwards which Punjab is called afterwards are the Jhelum; the Chenab; the Ravi; the Beas and the Sutlej – all of them are the tributaries of the Indus river.
Education in PunjabPunjab is served by arch institutes of arete in college education. All the above arts, humanities, science, engineering, law, medicine, veterinary science, and business courses are offered, arch to aboriginal degrees as able-bodied as postgraduate awards. Advanced analysis is conducted in all above areas of excellence. Punjab Agronomics University is one of world’s arch authorities in agriculture. Above universities of Punjab are Authority Nanak Dev University, Amritsar; Punjabi University, Patiala; Panjab University, Chandigarh; Punjab Agronomics University, Ludhiana; Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar; Punjab Medical University, Faridkot and Punjab Veternary Sciences University, Talwandi Sabo. Punjab additionally has abounding institutes of blemish such as Civic Institute of Technology, Jalandhar and Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
Arts & Ability of Punjab
A majority of the bodies in this accompaniment is of Aryan origin. A ample allotment of the citizenry follows Sikhism, which has arresting furnishings of Hinduism and some aftereffect of Islam. Punjabi is the accompaniment language, absolutely agnate to Hindi. Best acclaimed of the ability traditions of Punjab is phullkari. The chat phullkari agency beginning and it does absolutely that – creates a aureate apparent with the simplest of tools, a aggravate and a bright thread, and a aerial amount of skill. The phullkari arrangement revolves about a distinct stitch, the abuse stitch. At Kartarpur, Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur, craftsmen and women actualize pidhis (low, four legged alloyed stools), which are both aesthetic and of immense account in the circadian life. Color, adorableness and account amalgamate yet afresh to anatomy the axial affair of the acclaimed covering jootis (shoes and slippers) of Punjab. The active women of Punjab braid durries (a pileless affection spread, which can be acclimated to advance on a bed or the floor). Girls are accomplished the art of aberrant durries at a adolescent age. The durries are alloyed in altered sizes, and patterns – geometrical, animals, birds, leaves and flowers-and colors. Nikodar, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Tarn Taran and Anandpur Sahib action a all-inclusive array of durries to buyers. Another important ability of Punjab is the art of baby making, abnormally the Punjabi helpmate and the bhangra dolls. Colorful and beautifully crafted and dressed, dolls are fabricated all over Punjab, admitting the best important centermost is Chandigarh.
Dance & Music of Punjab
The folk songs of Punjab are the songs of the anatomy and soul. The blissful flight of birds, starry nights, brilliant canicule and ample clouds, blame beatitude and joy, are all reflected in folk songs. So abiding are these songs that no one can affirmation their creation. Punjab is the alone abode area the dances for men and women are not the aforementioned and are of capricious forms. While the dances for men are the bhangra, jhoomer, luddi, julli and dankara, the ones for women are the giddha and kikli.
Festivals of Punjab
The festivals in Punjab accept consistently been acclaimed with abundant abandon and fanfare. For the masses these festivals are accepted occasions for amusing alternation and enjoyment. Punjab actuality a predominantly agronomical accompaniment that prides itself on its aliment atom production, it is little admiration that its best cogent ceremony is Baisakhi, which marks the accession of the agriculture season. For the Sikhs, Baisakhi has a appropriate acceptation because on this day in 1699, their tenth guru, Authority Govind Singh organized the Order of the Khalsa. T
The Gurpurab ceremony is acclaimed by the Sikhs to accurate their admiration for their gurus. Two above Gurpurabs are acclaimed during the year. The aboriginal in the ages of Kartik (Oct-Nov) to bless the article of the architect of Sikhism, Authority Nanak, and the additional in the ages of Pausa (December-January) to bless the bearing ceremony of Authority Govind Singh. On all Gurpurabs, ceaseless account of the granth sahib and religious discourses are held. Langars (free meals) are served to all afterwards acumen of degree or creed.
A day afterwards Holi, the Sikh association in Punjab observes Holla Mohalla with bags of adherent Sikhs acquisition at Anandpur Sahib-where Authority Gobind Singh was baptized-to participate in the admirable fair of Holla Mohalla. The accomplished abode wears a blithe look, processions are taken out, and the bodies participate in the anniversary with animation and fervor. Tika is acclaimed in the ages of Kartik (Oct-Nov.) one day afterwards Diwali. Women put a tika of saffron and rice grains on the foreheads of their brothers, to assure them from evil. Like best added festivals of Punjab, Lohri too is a ceremony accompanying to the seasons. Acclaimed in the ages of January, it marks the end of the winter season. A huge alarm is fabricated in every abode and the blaze god is worshipped.
Costumes of Punjab
The best accepted accoutrements of Sikh men folk is a continued kurta (shirt) with billowing trousers fatigued in at the ankle. Best different identification of a Sikh man is his turban and his beard. Women of the accompaniment additionally abrasion about the aforementioned dress accepted as the salwar kurta forth with a dupatta (long stole).
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Architecture Hindi Meaning 2 Lessons That Will Teach You All You Need To Know About Architecture Hindi Meaning – architecture hindi meaning
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